Measure water transparency with a low-cost sensor that you can build! Advanced KdUINO sensors also detect optical and temperature stratification in the water column.
KdUINO is a moored instrument that measures the diffuse attenuation coefficient (Kd), used to assess water transparency.
Studies have shown that coastal areas and lakes change rapidly over space and time, especially when close to human activities and in areas strongly affected by rivers, wind and waves. Monitoring water transparency provides an indicator of the environmental status of the water body by providing information about phytoplankton concentrations or levels of dissolved organic and inorganic compounds.
We provide several interoperable data interfaces, as detailed below:
This handbook provides an overview of the data requirements and interfaces that were adopted in the sensors and observation platforms of MONOCLE.