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The MONOCLE factsheet series provides information and guidance on important aspects of the project. All three are available to download below:



Drone Factsheet front cover
Drones are excellent for monitoring water quality from the colour of water. They can be deployed in all but the worst weather conditions, flying just tens of metres above thewater surface, and are able to look at features as small as one square metre. In just one flight a single drone cancover several thousands of square metres.

Drones can complement traditional water sampling and satellite remote sensing because they have much higher spatial resolution than satellites, are not hindered by cloud cover and can provide multiple surveys per day.

Download factsheet to learn more
(PDF - 1.6MB)

Citizen Science

Citizen science fact sheet

Citizen science is a collaboration between scientists and volunteers or ‘citizens’ where individuals or communities get involved in scientific activities such as data collection and monitoring programmes, generating new knowledge or understanding to
achieve a real scientific outcome.

Both professional and citizen scientists benefit from taking part. These benefits include increased research outputs, learning opportunities, personal development, increased sense of belonging, satisfaction from contribution to science, and addressing local, national, and international issues.Download the Citizen science factsheet.


Reflectance: Water colour

Reflectance Fact sheet front cover
The colour of a natural body of water can tell us a lot about its biological and chemical properties. This is why Earth-observing satellites equipped with sensitive cameras observe the reflectance of the world ocean and all inland waterbodies on a near-daily basis. By interpreting water colour, we can derive the abundance of algae or the amount of sediment being transported in water, because each of these components has unique optical properties.

Satellites observe the Earth through the atmosphere. Separating the colour of the Earth’s surface from the effects of the atmosphere is one of the major challenges of satellite observation of water. Therefore, it is important to collect sufficient ground-truth measurements of diversely coloured waterbodies. These can then be used to ensure that the water colour data derived from the satellite image are correct under a wide range of conditions. In addition, they are used to ensure that the satellite sensors themselves are performing as they should.

Download factsheet to learn more

(PDF - 3MB)