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The MONOCLE factsheet series provides information and guidance on important aspects of the project. Two of the factsheets are available to download below. The next factsheet will explore how Drones are being used to help monitoring water quality through MONOCLE.


Reflectance: Water colour

Reflectance Fact sheet front cover
The colour of a natural body of water can tell us a lot about its biological and chemical properties. This is why Earth-observing satellites equipped with sensitive cameras observe the reflectance of the world ocean and all inland waterbodies on a near-daily basis. By interpreting water colour, we can derive the abundance of algae or the amount of sediment being transported in water, because each of these components has unique optical properties.

Satellites observe the Earth through the atmosphere. Separating the colour of the Earth’s surface from the effects of the atmosphere is one of the major challenges of satellite observation of water. Therefore, it is important to collect sufficient ground-truth measurements of diversely coloured waterbodies. These can then be used to ensure that the water colour data derived from the satellite image are correct under a wide range of conditions. In addition, they are used to ensure that the satellite sensors themselves are performing as they should.

Download factsheet to learn more

(PDF - 3MB)

Citizen Science

Citizen science fact sheet
Citizen science is a collaboration between scientists and volunteers or ‘citizens’ where individuals or communities get involved in scientific activities such as data collection and monitoring programmes, generating new knowledge or understanding to
achieve a real scientific outcome.

Both professional and citizen scientists benefit from taking part. These benefits include increased research outputs, learning opportunities, personal development, increased sense of belonging,
satisfaction from contribution to science, and addressing local, national, and international issues.Download the Citizen science factsheet.

Download the factsheet to learn more

(PDF - 1.5MB)


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Funded by the European Union

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 776480.


Stefan Simis
Principal Investigator

Jess Heard
Project Manager
Project Office
Plymouth Marine Laboratory,
Prospect Place,

+44 (0) 1752 633 100

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